Historical facts - after 1918
After the war, under the Polish People's Republic, the intellectual and academic community of Kraków was put under total political control. The universities were soon deprived of printing rights and autonomy.63 The Stalinist government ordered the construction of the country's largest steel mill in the newly created suburb of Nowa Huta.64 The creation of the giant Lenin Steelworks (now Sendzimir Steelworks owned by Mittal) sealed Kraków's transformation from a university city to an industrial centre.65 The new working class, drawn by the industrialisation of Kraków, contributed to rapid population growth.
In an effort that spanned two decades, Karol Wojtyła, cardinal archbishop of Kraków, successfully lobbied for permission to build the first churches in the new industrial suburbs.6566 In 1978, Wojtyła was elevated to the papacy as John Paul II, the first non-Italian pope in 455 years. In the same year, UNESCO placed Kraków Old Town on the first-ever list of World Heritage Sites.
Ways of getting around Cracow for tourists
Tourists can move around Cracow in several different ways. At small distances can simply walk, and larger sections are driven around by coach. After , you can also navigate using the trams, which have several lines and thus allow you to reach many places of city. Currently there are also light rail tunnel and a water tram ride which may be for many tourists an added attraction. A good complement to Cracow tram lines is extensive bus service, running on the system day and night, and faster and supportive. An additional motivation for the authorities cracked for expanding the public transport network is also a presence in this city of many students, including foreign.
visit in the city's spas
Cracow may seem very attractive place for nature lovers. In this city there are over forty parks, where you can walk and spend time in nature. One of the most interesting places of city in terms of nature are also river valleys and reservoirs located within a specific corridor of the Vistula River. In addition, in Cracow there are several nature reserves and more than two hundred natural monuments, most of which are trees. Visiting all of these sites can definitely be a highlight of a visit to Cracow. Satisfied with your stay in city may also be people who have decided to visit one of the spas. They can benefit from the healing baths and wellness treatments.